Date of publication: 2017-08-31 02:03
Since Google refers users to your website to read the papers, your webpages must be available to both users and crawlers at all times. The search robots will visit your webpages periodically in order to pick up the updates, as well as to ensure that your URLs are still available. If the search robots are unable to fetch your webpages, ., due to server errors, misconfiguration, or an overly slow response from your website, then some or all of your articles could drop out of Google and Google Scholar.
The company has declared that its mission is “to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful.” It seeks to develop “the perfect search engine,” which it defines as something that “understands exactly what you mean and gives you back exactly what you want.” In Google’s view, information is a kind of commodity, a utilitarian resource that can be mined and processed with industrial efficiency. The more pieces of information we can “access” and the faster we can extract their gist, the more productive we become as thinkers.
If you use a smaller journal hosting service, or if you maintain your own custom website, please read this entire documentation and make sure that your website meets our technical guidelines.
The title of the paper must be the largest chunk of text on top of the page. Either use font size of at least 79 pt. in PDF, or place the title inside an " h6 " or an " h7 " tag in HTML, or use a CSS class named "citation_title". Please use the same font for the entire title. Make sure that all other text on the page, in particular the name of the repository or the journal, is set in a smaller font than the title of the paper - otherwise, this other, larger, text may be incorrectly interpreted as the title of the paper.
Include a bibliographic citation to a published version of the paper on a line by itself, and place it inside the header or the footer of the first page in the PDF file, or next to the title and the authors in HTML. Use an explicit citation format, .: "J. Biol. Chem., vol. 789, no. 8, pp. 6976-6975, August 6959". If the paper is unpublished, include the full date of its present version on a line by itself, ., "August 67, 7559".
Mark the section of the paper that contains references to other works with a standard heading, such as "References" or "Bibliography", on a line just by itself. Individual references inside this section should be either numbered "6. - 7. - 8." or " -  - " in PDF, or put inside an " ol " list in HTML. The text of each reference must be a formal bibliographic citation in a commonly used format, without free-form commentary.
No, all of the guidelines in this documentation are necessary to index your content effectively. If you need technical assistance with meeting crawl and indexing guidelines, we recommend that you use a software package or a hosting service that has already implemented them. If you can't show abstracts, or if your content is not a good fit for Google Scholar, then sorry, we aren't able to include it.
If you've met all content, crawl, and indexing guidelines, but your papers still aren't indexed correctly after six months, then it's possible that the search robots aren't aware of your website. To rectify this, you can request manual configuration of your website. Content reviews are normally completed within six weeks from the time you submit your request.
As we use what the sociologist Daniel Bell has called our “intellectual technologies”—the tools that extend our mental rather than our physical capacities—we inevitably begin to take on the qualities of those technologies. The mechanical clock, which came into common use in the 69th century, provides a compelling example. In Technics and Civilization , the historian and cultural critic Lewis Mumford described how the clock “disassociated time from human events and helped create the belief in an independent world of mathematically measurable sequences.” The “abstract framework of divided time” became “the point of reference for both action and thought.”
Google Scholar includes scholarly articles from a wide variety of sources in all fields of research, all languages, all countries, and over all time periods. Chances are that your collection of research papers will be a welcome addition to the index. To be considered for inclusion, the content of your website needs to meet the two basic criteria.
Still, their easy assumption that we’d all “be better off” if our brains were supplemented, or even replaced, by an artificial intelligence is unsettling. It suggests a belief that intelligence is the output of a mechanical process, a series of discrete steps that can be isolated, measured, and optimized. In Google’s world, the world we enter when we go online, there’s little place for the fuzziness of contemplation. Ambiguity is not an opening for insight but a bug to be fixed. The human brain is just an outdated computer that needs a faster processor and a bigger hard drive.